SYNOPSIS: Like the church at Smyrna, Philadelphia receives no correction. She is faithful and, therefore, will be kept from the hour of trial – Revelation 3:7-13.
The city of Philadelphia lay fifty kilometers southeast of Sardis, between it and the town of Laodicea. It straddled a major road into the interior, so trade with the other towns of Asia was vital to its economic life. Philadelphia was established as a city in 189 B.C. by Eumenés II, the king of Pergamos. He named it in honor of his brother and eventual successor, Attalus II. The city came under Roman rule when the last king, Attalus III, bequeathed Pergamos to Rome at his death (133 B.C.). Thus, Philadelphia became part of the Roman province of Asia. Continue reading Church at Philadelphia
SYNOPSIS: The church at Smyrna is promised more tribulation based on its past faithfulness in persecution – Revelation 2:8-11.
The city of Smyrna was a seaport fifty-five kilometers northwest of Ephesus that marked the start of a major road into the interior of Asia Minor. As a leading commercial center, the city prospered from its location and the importation of goods by sea. The Roman imperial cult was well-established and widespread in the city. Continue reading Church at Smyrna
SYNOPSIS – Revelation in its entirety is a message and exhortation for, to, and about the Church, the people of God – Revelation 4:1-3.
In the fourth chapter of the book of Revelation a voice summoned John to “come up here” and, thereafter, he found himself “in the spirit” and before a “throne set in heaven.” Some interpretations believe that John’s transference to “heaven” symbolizes the physical removal of the church from the earth at some future point.
Continue reading IS THE CHURCH ABSENT IN REVELATION?
SYNOPSIS – In Revelation, faithful saints experience “tribulation,” whereas, the unrepentant undergo “wrath.”
The book of Revelation presents the followers of the “Lamb” exiting the “Great Tribulation,” not through their removal from the earth but because of their perseverance through it. This striking picture is featured in the vision of John in which he saw a vast “innumerable multitude” of men and women from every nation coming out of the “tribulation” to stand triumphantly before the “Lamb” who redeemed them by his sacrificial death – (Revelation 5:6-12, 7:9-17).
Continue reading CHURCH AND TRIBULATION
SYNOPSIS – According to Paul, disciples of Jesus escape “wrath” but endure “tribulation” – To which they have been “appointed” – 1 Thessalonians 3:1-4.
In the New Testament, the terms “tribulation” and “wrath” are NOT synonymous. “Tribulation” is what disciples of Jesus endure for his sake and the Kingdom. Most often, “wrath” refers to the fate of the wicked at the “end of the age” – “Wrath” is what unrepentant sinners endure as the just punishment for their rebellion and iniquities.
Continue reading APPOINTED TO TRIBULATION
SYNOPSIS: In the book of Revelation, faithful saints experience “tribulation,” whereas, the unrepentant undergo “wrath.”
The book of Revelation pictures followers of the Lamb exiting the “Great Tribulation,” not through their removal from the Earth but because of their perseverance through it. This is most pronounced in a vision received by John of an “innumerable multitude” of men and women from every nation coming out of the “Great Tribulation,” to stand before the Lamb who redeemed them by his sacrificial death. Continue reading The Church and Tribulation