Category Archives: Gospel Hope


SYNOPSIS – Only in his sacrificial death can the identity of Jesus and the nature of his messiahship be understood – Mark 15:29-39

Threaded through the gospel of Mark is an ironic storyline – Until his crucifixion, no one recognized who Jesus was or acknowledged him as the “Son of God” – Except the demons that he exorcised. In Mark, the only man or woman who acknowledged Jesus as the “Son of God” was the Roman centurion in command of the execution squad at Calvary.



SYNOPSIS – Does Revelation portray several final “battles of Armageddon,” or the same battle seen from different perspectives? 

The book of Revelation presents three “final battles” with each based in part on the prophecy by the prophet Ezekiel about an invasion by “Gog and Magog.” Specifically, the three “wars” pictured in the “sixth bowl of wrath,” the victory of the “Rider on a White Horse,” and the attack against the “camp of the saints” after Satan is released from the “Abyss.” Does Revelation describe multiple battles, or is the same “war” in view each time, only perhaps from different perspectives?


The Fourth Trumpet

SynopsisThe fourth trumpet causes a partial darkening of the sun, moon, and the starsRevelation 8:12.

eye of the storm image from outer space
Photo by Pixabay on

The image of the darkening of a third of the light emitted by the sun, moon, and the stars is based on the ninth plague of Egypt when the darkness endured for three days:  “Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven, and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days; but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings” (Exodus 10:21-23).

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Innumerable Multitude – Vision

SYNOPSIS:  John now sees an innumerable multitude from all nations standing before the Lamb and the Throne. – Revelation 7:9-12.  

agriculture arable barley blur

In Chapter 7, the same group of saints is portrayed with two different images – The tribes of Israel assembled for travel, and an  Innumerable multitude standing before the Lamb and the One Who Sits on the Throne. In this next vision, the imagery continues to be drawn from the story of ancient Israel in the Wilderness during its sojourn from Egypt to the Promised Land.

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Church at Ephesus

SYNOPSIS:  The messenger of the assembly at Ephesus is commended for rejecting false apostles but chastised for losing his “first love” – Revelation 2:1-7

low angle photograph of concrete tower

The first three letters to the churches of Asia form a distinct literary unit. This is indicated by the order of the concluding exhortation and the promise at the end of each message to the one who “overcomes” (i.e., the letters to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum). Each letter ends with the exhortation – “Hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches,” which is followed by a promise to the “one who overcomes.” This sequence is reversed in the final four letters addressed to Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. Continue reading Church at Ephesus

Righteousness and Wrath – Present and Future

SYNOPSIS:  Just as sinners await the future judgment of God, so believers are waiting to receive their full salvation at the resurrection.

boardwalk clouds country countryside

In his epistle to the Romans, Paul introduced his ministry and the “gospel” he proclaimed to Christians residing in the city of Rome. This “gospel” or “glad message” had been promised centuries earlier in the Hebrew scriptures, a message concerning the Son of God. And the resurrection of Jesus from the dead is the irrefutable proof of his messiahship and the validity of his message for all nations. Continue reading Righteousness and Wrath – Present and Future