The promises of the Hebrew Bible find their fulfillment and substance in the Son of God – in Jesus.
According to the New Testament, the promises of God are fulfilled in Jesus. “IN HIM,” all His promises find their “yea” and their “amen.” The things that were “hidden” in the past are revealed in the life, words, death, resurrection, and exaltation of His Son, and in whom, all the shadows and types prefigured in the Hebrew Bible crystallize.
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SYNOPSIS – The types and “shadows” of the old covenant find their substance in the Son – Hebrews 8:1-5.
The epistle to the Hebrews develops its exhortation for believers to persevere in the faith from its theme of fulfillment – What God has accomplished already in Jesus. His partial word has been superseded by the complete one “spoken” in His “Son.” Most likely, the letter was addressed to a congregation with a significant complement of Jewish believers. It was facing the possibility of persecution; consequently, some members began to withdraw from the assembly and were contemplating a return to the synagogue to avoid trouble – (Hebrews 2:15, 10:32-34, 12:4, 10:24-31, 13:24-25).
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God’s supreme “word” has been “spoken” in His Son, and all previous “words” were partial, preparatory, and incomplete – Hebrews 1:1-3.
The epistle to the Hebrews compares what God achieved in Jesus to the partial provisions provided under the old covenant, and especially to the Levitical system. The contrast is between the finality of the “word” spoken in His “Son” and the incomplete revelations given in the “prophets.” What was preparatory under the old legislation has been superseded by the final “word in a son.”
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The “word” of the Son is superior even to the “word” of Moses, the “servant” in the house of Yahweh and the Great Lawgiver – Hebrews 3:1-6.
The letter to the Hebrews demonstrates the supremacy of the Son by comparing his “word” to those of angels and of Moses, his priesthood and sacrifice to the Aaronic priests and the repeated animal sacrifices of the Levitical system, and the new covenant inaugurated by him to the old one now rendered obsolete by the ministry and exaltation of Jesus.
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John’s Gospel contrasts Jesus with the Mosaic legislation. Ture light, life and truth are found in Jesus, and he now interprets the Father – John 1:18.
The prologue to John introduces its key themes, including life, light, witness, truth, and grace. Jesus is the light of the world, the source of grace and truth, the true Tabernacle, and the only one who has seen the Unseen God who “tabernacles” in the “word made flesh.” The prologue ends by declaring that Jesus alone is fully qualified to interpret the Father.
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