Category Archives: Parousia

THAT SON OF MAN

The “one like a Son of Man” from Daniel is the source of Christ’s self-designation, the “Son of Man” – Daniel 7:13-14

In the gospel accounts, the “Son of Man” is the most frequent self-designation heard on the lips of Jesus, a term derived from Daniel’s vision of the figure “like a Son of Man,” who approached the “Ancient of Days” to receive “dominion.” For example, at the end of the age, “all the tribes of the earth” will mourn when “they see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven.” Jesus was “that Son of Man.”

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ORDER OF FINAL EVENTS

In explaining the future resurrection, Paul lists the key events that will precede or coincide with the arrival of Jesus – 1 Corinthians 15:20-28

In his first letter to the Corinthians, Paul outlined the sequence of events that would occur at or prior to the “arrival” or parousia of Jesus. ‘Parousia’ is one of several Greek terms applied by the Apostle to the “coming” of Jesus, and he always did so in the singular number. Regardless of which term he used, he always spoke of one “coming,” “revelation,” or “appearance” of Jesus, and only one.

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PAROUSIA AND THE END OF THE AGE

SYNOPSIS – The note of finality in passages about the return of Jesus leaves no room for any interim period after his arrival. 

Several of the passages in the New Testament present the future return of Jesus as an event of great finality. His “arrival” in glory will be accompanied by celestial and terrestrial upheaval, the ushering in of the New Creation, the resurrection of the righteous, the judgment of the ungodly, and the cessation of death, all of which leaves little if any room for any subsequent interim period during which sin and death continue, however rare.

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MAN OF LAWLESSNESS – DESTRUCTION

Jesus will destroy the evil works of the “Man of Lawlessness” and “paralyze” him at his “arrival” in glory – 2 Thessalonians 2:8-12. 

Next, Paul explains how Jesus will respond to the “man of lawlessness” at his own ‘parousia’ or “arrival.” In doing so, he employs language from Daniel’s vision about the wicked ruler he described as the “little horn speaking great things.” Originally, that image represented the Seleucid ruler who attempted to destroy the faith of Israel through deceit and persecution, Antiochus Epiphanes.

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