Tag Archives: Romans

PLIGHT TO SOLUTION

Paul presents the gospel beginning from humanity’s plight due to sin until the resurrection of the dead through Jesus Christ.

In his letter to the churches in Rome, Paul presents his most detailed explanation of the gospel. He touches on its key subjects, including death, redemption, the Law, the resurrection, and the New Creation. He begins by describing the plight of humanity caused by sin, then he describes the solution provided by God through Jesus Christ.

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SIN, DEATH, GOSPEL, RESURRECTION

Paul presents his gospel from humanity’s plight due to sin to the resurrection of the dead and the New Creation.

In Romans, Paul presented his most detailed explanation of the gospel. His purpose was to deal with conflicts between Gentiles and Jews in the church and to prepare the ground for taking the gospel to the west, and he touched on related topics, including death, redemption, the Law, the resurrection, and the New Creation.

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RESURRECTION AND THE SPIRIT

The gift of the Spirit is the “first-fruits” and foretaste of the future resurrection and the coming New Creation.

Paul presents Abraham as the great exemplar of faith. God counted his faith as “righteousness” even when he was uncircumcised. This means He justified him apart from the “works of the Law.” Therefore, he became the father of all men who are also “from faith.” Circumcision was added later as the “seal” of his justifying faith.

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THE FAITH OF JESUS

According to Paul, men are not set right before God “from the works of the law,” but instead, “from the faith of Jesus Christ.

Having demonstrated that all men have sinned and violated the revealed will of God, both Jews and Gentiles alike, Paul concludes that no one can be set right before God “from the law.” Jews have the Mosaic Law but fall short of its requirements. Gentiles have the witness of their own conscience yet continue to live and even revel in sin.

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FOOD AND CALENDARS

Paul argued for tolerance within the church on food regulations and the observation of holy days – The “shadows” have found their fulfillment in Jesus.

The law of Moses specified what foods the people of God could eat by distinguishing between the “clean” and the “unclean,” with the consumption of the latter being forbidden. A comprehensive description of the dietary regulations given to Israel is found in the eleventh chapter of the book of Leviticus.

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GOVERNING AUTHORITIES

Paul instructed believers living in the center of the Empire not to oppose the government – its existence had been “arranged” by GodRomans 13:1-8.

Writing to the churches in Rome, Paul presented principles for Christian conduct towards the State. Believers to “subordinate themselves to governing powers: for there is no authority except by God,” a statement written at the time when Nero ruled the empire, the very man who became the first emperor to persecute Christians.

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